Most of my patients experience muscle cramps during the night. This type of cramp generally affects the legs, especially the calf muscles, and the feet. They occur more frequently in older adults than in younger people. Children sometimes experience a type of cramp muscle and leg pain often called “growing pains.”
Muscle cramping is often caused by an imbalance in the body’s level of electrolytes—minerals such as potassium, calcium, and magnesium—and/or a deficiency of vitamin E. Another common cause is unaccustomed physical overexertion. Sitting, standing, or lying for a long time in the same position; anemia; the use of tobacco; inactivity; hormone imbalances; allergies; arthritis; and even arteriosclerosis can also result in cramping, as can dehydration, heat stroke, and varicose veins.
The use of diuretic drugs for high blood pressure or heart disorders may lead to electrolyte imbalances as well, causing muscle camps. Poor circulation also contributes to leg cramps.
If you have cramps during the day, while you are active, consult your health care provider as that can be a sign of impaired circulation or arteriosclerosis; also, if cramping occurs after walking and is relieved when you stop, suspect impaired circulation and consult a medical professional.
Muscle Cramp Recommendations
Supplement your diet with one or more of the following nutrients—to learn more about them or to buy, click the link:
Calcium and Magnesium—Deficiencies are most often the cause of cramping in the legs and feet at night
Vitamin E—Improves circulation; deficiency may cause leg cramps while standing or walking; especially good if cramping is related to varicose veins
Potassium—Needed for proper calcium and magnesium metabolism
Vitamin B Complex—For improved circulation and cellular function
Vitamin B1—Enhances circulation and may aid in maintaining proper muscle tone
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)—Increases circulation
Vitamin C with Bioflavonoids—Improves circulation
Vitamin D—Needed for calcium uptake.