Fat, Calories and Cardiovascular disease !
صحة JUN 16, 2012
Visible or not, almost all food contains fat in varying amount. Foods in which fat is obvious: butter, oil, margarine, poultry with skin.
Hidden fat: salad dressings, baked foods, chocolates, avocados sauces, poultry, meat, fish, cheese, and fat added during preparation.
It is a nutrient necessary for health. At least 15-20% of the total calories from fat.
 
In moderate amount, it performs full workload of function in the body:
 
- Support the work of other nutrients
- Dissolve vitamins: A, D, E, &K
- Concentrated energy source, each one gram fat supplies 9kcal.
- Form layer under the skin offering insulation.
- Provide tenderness and palatability to food.
- Can be stored in the body.
 
 
Total fat and calories content in selected food:
 
 
Food Total fat(g) Calories
Biscuit, 1medium 3 105
Croissant,
1 medium
12 230
Doughnut, 1 14 245
Chocolate cookies,
1 medium
4 70
Whole milk,
1 cup
8 150
Skim milk,
1 cup
trace 85
Nonfat yogurt, 1 cup trace 135
Low-fat yogurt, 1 cup 4 155
Vanilla ice cream, ½ cup 7 135
French fries, 10 strip 8 160
Chips, 30g 10 150
Lean and fat beef cut, 90g 11 195
Lean beef cut, 90g 4 145
Beef liver, 90g 4 135
Chicken with skin, 90g 12 200
Chicken without skin, 90g 6 160
Tuna canned in oil, 90g 7 170
Tuna canned in water, 90g 1 115
Egg yolk,
1 large
5 60
Egg white,
1 large
0 15
          
 
 
FAT and Cardiovascular diseases:
 
Risk factors for CHD
 - Age and sex
                Male >45
                Female> 55 or premature menopause without estrogen replacement
- Family history
- Cigarette smoking
- Hypertension
 -Blood cholesterol
-Diabetes
 
For the prevention and management of CVD:
1.  Achieve and maintain healthy eating pattern from all food.
2.  Achieve and maintain healthy body weight.
3.  Maintain normal blood lipid level.
4.  Maintain normal blood pressure
صحة JUN 16, 2012
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