Ebola hemorrhagic fever
صحة AUG 13, 2014
Ebola hemorrhagic fever is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees. It is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus.There are five identified subspecies of Ebolavirusfour of which have caused disease in humans. The natural host of the virus remains unknown but researchers believe that bats are the most likely reservoir.
Transmission is done through:
  • direct contact with the blood or secretions of an infected person
  • exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions
  •  

 
 
During outbreaks, the disease can spread quickly within health care settings such as clinics or hospitals.
 
Symptoms of Ebola HF typically include:
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Weakness
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Lack of appetite
 


Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebolavirus though 8-10 days is most common.
 
Standard treatment for Ebola HF is still limited to supportive therapy. This consists of:
  • balancing the patient’s fluids and electrolytes
  • maintaining their oxygen status and blood pressure
  • treating them for any complicating infections
 
During outbreaks of Ebola HF, those at highest risk include health care workers and the family and friends of an infected individual.
صحة AUG 13, 2014
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